The History of Screen Printing

Some of you may be thinking that there is no need to learn about the history of screen printing, however, understanding this rich history can be a valuable asset as it will give you an increased appreciation for your art work. As well, knowing the vast history of this art form will help you stay ahead of the game. As they say, you don’t know where you are going if you don’t know where you’ve been.

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A Brief History of Screen Printing

Song Dynasty: 960-1270 AD

The earliest evidence of screen printing can be traced back to the infamous Song Dynasty. The Japanese and other Asian cultures utilized some incredibly crude methods to develop and refine screen printing.

Welcome to Europe: Late 1700’s

Incredibly the art of screen printing stayed with the Asian culture for hundreds of years before it was finally brought to Europe. Although, this technique was introduced to Europe in the 1700’s, it would still take some time before it became fully accepted.

Samuel Simon: 1907

It wasn’t until 1907 that an Englishman by the name of Samuel Simon saw the power of screen printing and patented his own technique. Mr. Simon used his new screen printing patent to sell high quality wallpaper and stunning silk printed garments to the wealthy.

Screen Printing and Chemistry: 1910

As 1910 rolled around, more people such as Charles Peter, Roy Beck and Edward Owens began experimenting with chromic acid salt sensitized emulsions to create photo-reactive stencils (say that 3 times fast).

It turned out that their experiments were a success as these three pioneers revolutionized the screen printing process with their introduction of photo-imaged stencils

Serigraphy: 1930s

It was during the thirties that a group of artists, led by Guy Maccoy, decided to coin their own phrase, serigraphy, to differentiate between commercial screen printing and artistic screen printing.

Andy Warhol and Marilyn Monroe: 1962

Serigraphy became popular in the United States when Andy Warhol created a stunning depiction of Marilyn Monroe using screen printing techniques.

The Future of Screen Printing

The future is unknown but today, screen printing is widely used to create posters, t-shirts and other works of art.

As we have seen in the past, all it takes is one idea to spark a generation of artists. So what is the next big idea for screen printing?

Your Guide to Designing with the Golden Ratio

For our very first article here at the Daily Design Spot, we’re going to provide some information on how to design using an ancient technique, the golden ratio.

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If you are a designer or a nature enthusiast, you have most likely witnessed the Golden Ratio. This is a mathematical ratio commonly found in nature, which is based off of the Fibonacci sequence. Remember the Fibonacci numbers you had to learn in high school math? No? Don’t worry about it, nobody does but they were also a main piece in the Da Vinci Code movie with Tom Hanks. Now that, you remember!

Moving on.

What is the Golden Ratio?

The Golden Ratio describes a natural, eye-pleasing relationship between two proportions. If you remember the movie then you most likely know that this is a 1:1.61 ratio.

When you plot this ratio on a scale, it forms a beautiful spiral that is commonly seen throughout nature and in the last 4000 years of art and design. As such, if you want to make your customers happy, make sure you use the Golden Ratio.

How to Use the Golden Ratio

It may sound tricky to implement the Golden Ratio in your designs; however, there is a quick and easy way that will have you creating beautiful, Da Vinci like artwork in no time.

If you are familiar with the “Rule of Thirds” then you pretty much well on your way to being a pro with the Golden Ratio. The Rule of Thirds dictate that you divide your canvas in to thirds, both horizontally and vertically. The intersection of these points provides a natural and eye-catching focal point.

The Rule of Thirds can be applied to any shape imaginable but when you apply it to a rectangle with the 1:1.61 proportions, you will form the “Golden Rectangle”. This will of course have people gushing over your artwork and demanding more.

There are other ways to implement the Golden Ratio but this is by far the simplest method.

Why You Should Care About the Golden Ratio

As mentioned above, it has occurred in nature since the dawn of time so people have evolved with this ratio. As such, it is naturally appealing to our eye. If you are serious about creating stunning artwork then this is the best way to do it.

If you still need a little more convincing, why not check out these works of art that implement the Golden Ratio:

  • The Last Supper by Leonardo da Vinci
  • The Creation of Adam by Michelangelo.
  • The Birth of Venus by Sandro Botticelli (the canvas is actually a golden rectangle)
  • The Sacrament of the Last Supper by Salvador Dali

These are just a few of the many examples of the Golden Ratio. Perhaps, your next piece of art will be alongside these artistic icons.